Ovarian cancer xenografts mice.

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

Histologically, there are four types of fat tissue cells which are currently recognized white, brown, beige, and perivascular adipocytes. Therefore, in this study we are reviewing the most recent data regarding the origin, structure, and molecular mechanisms involved in the development of adipocytes.

White adipocytes can store triglycerides as a consequence of lipogenesis, under the regulation of growth hormone or leptin and adiponectin, and release fatty acids resulted from lipolysis, under the regulation of the sympathetic nervous system, glucocorticoids, TNF-α, insulin, and natriuretic peptides. Brown adipocytes possess a mitochondrial ovarian cancer xenografts mice protein thermogenin or UCP1 which allows heat generation.

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

Recently, thermogenic, UCP ovarian cancer xenografts mice adipocytes have been identified in the subcutaneous white adipose tissue and have been named beige adipocytes. The nature of these cells is still controversial, as current theories are suggesting their origin either by transdifferentiation of white adipocytes, or by differentiation from an own precursor cell.

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

Perivascular adipocytes surround most of the arteries, exhibiting a supportive role and being involved in the maintenance of intravascular temperature.

Thoracic perivascular adipocytes resemble brown adipocytes, while abdominal ones are more similar to white adipocytes and, consequently, are involved in obesity-induced inflammatory reactions.

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

The factors involved in ovarian cancer xenografts mice regulation of adipose stem cells differentiation may represent potential pathways to inhibit or to divert adipogenesis. Altogen Labs OVCAR-3 Xenograft Service Ovarian Cancer Further investigations are necessary to complete the knowledge about adipose tissue and the development of a new generation of therapeutic tools based on molecular targets.

ovarian cancer xenografts mice

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